Do conversations about screen use often lead to conflict in your family? Do you struggle to figure out how much screen time is appropriate to allow at different ages? Do you have the instinct to limit screen time more, but it seems that all the other kids are on iPads or playing video games? Do you equally fear that if you don't allow screen time that your child will feel left out? Each parent has to figure out how much screen time is too much for their child. Yet when there's much confusion and inner conflict, it can help to step back, grab a journal and really explore the very individual specific screen related issues with your child with some of the following questions and information in mind.
From a peaceful parenting perspective, when an issue becomes a source of conflict (as screen usage seems to be in most families) it’s helpful to consider what the underlying needs may be that they’re trying to meet. There are so many contributing factors for parents to consider on this topic. I realize that information regarding screen use can be a lot to deal with and process. From a peaceful parenting perspective, it's always recommended that parents gain more clarity by both self-educating and also creating the time to sit and listen to their child's feelings on the subject.
To be clear with our child we need to be clear with ourselves. It's easier to be clear with our child when we're clear with ourselves on how much screen time, if any, we feel comfortable to allow when we've gained the clarity and conviction that's aligned with our values. It helps to feel confident we've taken the time to learn more about the impacts. An important part of the process of learning more about the impacts of screens on your individual child is to notice any patterns in your child's behavour relating to screen use. To this day I have a clear memory of how out of balance and chaotic my then 5 year old son was after watching Star Wars at a friend's house.
Meeting children’s needs in healthy ways is key to giving them the resiliency foundation that makes them dramatically less vulnerable to developing unhealthy habits, like excessive screen usage or addiction to video games. The more parents can satisfy their children’s needs for warm and enjoyable connections with family members, this is ultimately what keeps kids more engaged in the “real world” than the digital world.
“From a peaceful parenting perspective, when an issue becomes a source of conflict (as screen usage seems to be in most families) it’s helpful to consider what the underlying needs may be that they’re trying to meet.
Loving limits. Each parent needs to decide which age they will allow their children to use screens and generally how much time they will be allowed. If your child is at the age and stage where you do not want them using screens at all, or only on certain days or at certain times, you'll likely have a lot less conflicts if you adopt the principles of loving limits here. And this article setting limits can bring healing tears gives you guidelines on helping your child through the tough feelings that limits bring up for them.
Creating and maintaining agreements tends to lead to more cooperation than the more authoritarian approach of rules imposed by consequences. If you do allow your child time on screens or their homework involves screen time, I recommend holding a family meeting and problem-solving together with the aim of making agreements. Children are dramatically more motivated to work with agreements they've contributed to making. Encourage your child or children to voice their ideas and validate their ideas diplomatically even if you don't agree. You might, for instance, respond with "ok so I hear that in your ideal world you would have unlimited time on the laptop". Share your concerns and your suggestions as diplomatically as possible with a calm level tone. For instance, you might explore; "would it be a good idea to make it a rule that nobody in this family turns on a screen in the morning, myself included?" It can help when we share that we also find it hard to manage our time, to manage our impulse control and how hard we work to come back to peace with ourselves when we don't stick with our own limits or expectations.
Watching a movie together as a family. Watching something together helps kids maintain connection with their parent and with “real life”. All that sweet affection and snuggling on the couch is so grounding and de-stressing. When watching a show or film together as a family, we can be vigilant of how our child’s responding emotionally, we can maintain eye contact and smiles and avail of the teachable moments. The disconnection from “normal reality” can be further minimized when family members increase their patience for each person having the right to pause to ask questions or share the thoughts and feelings the scene evoked and generally integrate the experience into family communication. The earlier you develop this habit the better. If your child has become attached to an alternative world of their video games, maybe start by joining them in this world and opening those lines of communication.
What every parent needs to know about kids and screens. Your child's time on their screens may be a bigger contributing factor to problem behaviours than you realized. In this article Genevieve shares some of the most up to date research on the impacts of screens.
Kids need down time in their busy days. Screens can provide parents a bit of peace and quiet. Kids can crave flopping into that comfortable chair and blobbing out. The upset child becomes immediately quiet when they stare at the screen. Parents often believe that being on screens meets their needs to de-stress and slow down. Yet, in reality, kids are experiencing what Dr Kardaras describes as “a hyper-stimulating, dopamine activating, adrenaline surging stimulant”! I’m no scientist but to me, that sounds very different from the brain research findings into the effects of meditation on the brain. So what’s the likely outcome if the brain is hyper-stimulated and all that adrenaline surging puts a kid into a stress response, yet there’s no physical or verbal outlet of all that energy. This probably explains what happens after children have spent time on screens. Instead of being calm, focused and cooperative, most parents notice that their kids are often particularly antsy, disengaged and frustrated. It’s no wonder if all that pent-up frustration gets channelled directly into an argument with their parent about their verging-on-desperate need for more time on the screen.
Why do so many meltdowns happen at the end of screen time? It's easy to believe that being on screens meets the child's needs to de-stress and slow down. Yet, in reality, kids are experiencing what Dr Nicholas Kardaras describes as “a hyper-stimulating, dopamine activating, adrenaline surging stimulant”! I’m no scientist but to me that sounds very different from the brain research findings into the effects of relaxation on the brain.
So what’s the likely outcome if the brain is hyper stimulated and all that adrenaline surging puts a kid into a stress response, yet there’s little physical or verbal outlet for all that energy? There's going to be quite the build up of frustration. This probably explains all of that out of balance behaviour that happens after children have spent time on screens.
Have children forgotten how to play normally? The connection that’s often missed is that the more time kids spend on screens the more time they spend begging for screen time. And the less enthusiastic they become to play imaginatively. Screens condition kids to the fast paced brightly coloured entertainment which results in them struggling to adjust to the slower pace of “normal life”. Lots of pleasurable activities activate the dopamine receptors in the brain, but the frequency and intensity that this happens during screen engagement results in kids being dependent on this high level of dopamine hits and less satisfied with having to work harder to get those reward centre hits. When children don’t use screens at, parents generally get a lot more housework done because their kids are so very engaged in their own imagination and play, they wake up in the morning excited to get back to their drawing or their lego or their blocks or dress-ups or whatever they're currently engaged by.
In these videos, Parts I, II and III Genevieve tackles the topic of kids using TV and screens. She talks about how to encourage self-directed play and encourage their intrinsic motivation to be creative and to keep following their curiosity and how to preserve these instincts. Available to Village Members.
Kids need more of the activities that reduce their stress. It helps to be mindful to avoid using screens to soothe our kids when they're upset. They can develop the habit of craving this zoning out every time they feel bad. But in reality, it masks instead of reduces stress and can interfere with the child’s natural self-regulating ability to feel and express their emotions. Instead, we need to build into our children’s days the activities that really do slow them down and allow them to de-stress. Spending quality one on one time with their parent really is a bit of a miracle cure for resetting children. Especially when we can let them take the lead and include play that’s physical and results in lots of laughter, this fills up our child’s love tank and helps them remember what it is they crave most; human connection, love and affection. Showing a genuine interest in our child’s stories, their activities and questions can help them stay engaged with their projects of the moment. Sitting reading books or listening to audio books or listening to music can be soothing while activating healthy imagination. Board games, ball games, creative activities like arts and crafts, time spent exploring and making things in nature, especially unstructured free play all re-engage the child’s intrinsic motivation to follow their curiosity and be creative. In fact, most of those activities you remember playing as a child provide ample healthy engagement and stress releasing outlets for our children.
Nature resets our children by reminding them that the natural world makes us feel so good! I highly recommend Florence William’s book The Nature Fix as an inspiring reminder that nature restores us and makes us “healthier, more creative, more empathetic and more apt to engage with the world and with each other.” Her book is a collection of research on all the hugely therapeutic benefits of spending time in nature; decreased cortisol levels, increase in immune-boosting T cells, improvements for adolescents struggling with learning difficulties, anxiety, depression, PTSD, social phobias, ADHD, ADD, and more.